From recent news, there have been speculations that India’s capital New Delhi is one of the top places in the country with highest pollution rate and recently the speculation came true when New Delhi’s massive pollution smoke was literally seen from space.
So Indian government has decided to declare a national emergency because New Delhi’s pollution level has increased too much. It is said that the pollution is 16 times more than normal limit. This has created thick and foggy layers over the north India.
Also, As for now, NewDelhi is considered as the most polluted city in the world with its unhealthy air quality index explained by U.S. government. The chief minister of Delhi has stated that this city is a “gas chamber”.
Kejriwal told to media conference over the weekend that “Pollution has increased to an extent that outdoors in Delhi are resembling a gas chamber”.
Geeta Anand reports for The New York Times. “Although India’s environmental court, the National Green Tribunal, told the government last year to stop farmers from burning the straw left over from their rice harvests, NASA satellite images in recent weeks have shown virtually no abatement”.
“Farmers are continuing to burn most of the leftover straw – an estimated 32 million tons – to make room to plant their winter wheat crop”.
Dr. Surya Kant Tripathi, who heads the pulmonary medicine department at King George’s Medical University in Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh said: “Higher air pollution levels may take days to settle”.
The air pollution is measured by taking two types of particles into consideration, PM10 is particulate matter 10 micrometers (μm) or less in diameter, and PM2.5 is particulate matter 2.5 μm or less in diameter. Both the kinds of pollution are measured by average amount per cubic meter.
According to data from the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), New Delhi, today saw PM10 hit 876 μm/m3, and PM2.5 hit 680 μm/m3 earlier this week. And the upper limits for “safe” levels for PM10 and PM2.5 are considered to be 100 μg/m3 and 60 μg/m3 respectively.
As for now, the conditions for New Delhi are improving, and they are currently at 474 μm/m3 for PM10 and 295 μm/m3 for PM2.5.